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Male Involvement and PMTCT

One of the greatest challenges facing Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services is reaching sexual partners of HIV-positive women and persuading them to receive HIV counseling and testing .and getting them involved in PMTCT services.

Traditionally, sexual and reproductive health (SHR) services that include PMTCT have focused mostly on Women, yet many observers have emphasized that the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and health of men often play a critical role in determining the reproductive health of women.

There is strong evidence that excluding men in Reproductive health increase vulnerability of women of HIV compromise the effectiveness of HIV prevention strategies and create barriers to effective HIV treatment. Men play a major role in reproductive health decisions in Uganda. Thus addressing male involvement can contribute to improved uptake PMTCT services.

Basing on UNHCO’s intervention “improving maternal health services and utilization of PMTCT services through the rights based approach involving men is particularly challenging whose culturally defined roles hinder men’s participation. For example where communication between couples is limited and manifestation often involve violence. One mother had this to say if I do not breastfeed everyone will know I have HIV. What do I say to my husband?”

Other challenges faced is reproductive health is usually considered a women’s concern both within the household and policy level,  unfriendly health facilities, unsuitable timing for the men who always say are too busy, health worker attitudes to men, men fearing to know their status, and lack of a family approach towards maternal health service delivery.

In Implementation of the project UNHCO is in agreement that it is difficult to have men involved in PMTCT. This is attributed by a number of challenges that included;

  • The attitude of men towards maternal health services
  • men wanted privacy while seeking PMTCT services
  • peer pressure whereby men who attended maternal health services were considered weak
  • The women considered themselves to be strong that didn’t want the men’s involvement.

The success of the PMTCT partner involvement can be attributed to activities which should include a community-provider partnership approach that promotes partner involvement by challenging  attitudes and behaviors of men that compromise their own health as well as the health of women and children. This can be done by community dialogues meetings. And for those that do not attend the community meetings, more effective means such as home visits and following up men to their popular hangouts can be used In order to reach out to the men

Other recommendations that are used by UNHCO are identification of couples that can be used as mentors and role models to encourage there fellow men to get involved in PMTCT services. Such couples were given first priority in receiving PMTCT services at the health facilities but issue of favoritism and discrimination was brought up thus discouraging it.

Other issues that were considered by the community dialogue meetings was the issue of changing PMTCT focus from the mother to both parents. In other words changing the name PMTCT to P(P) TCT where P stands for parent. This could help in bringing more men on board

These Interventions are supported by Cordaid.


Uganda National Health Users/Consumers Organisation (UNHCO) is a not-for-profit Non Governmental Organisation, established in July 1999 to act as a formal voice for all consumers of health related products and services in Uganda. UNHCO seeks to initiate constructive engagement among policy makers, providers and consumers of health services to advocate for mutual health rights and obligations for quality healthcare services in Uganda. UNHCO is at the forefront of policy development and represents civil society at the Health Policy Advisory Committee (HPAC) at the Ministry of Health and Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCM).


  1. Dear UNHCO i a ppreciate very much your work. Am a student school of clinical officer in final year, your work has helped me in doing my research. TOPIC. CHALLENGES MOTHERS FACE IN PREVENTION OF TRANSMISSION OF HIV TO THEIR YOUNG ONES. GOD bless you.

  2. Dear Geofrey,
    Thank you for your interest in what UNHCO is doing. We are glad that our work has contribute to your research – a topic that we have a lot of interest in.

    Keep in touch!

  3. involving men in pmctc is a strategy in the correct direction since it will promote social support and encourage men to be responsible in family life.

  4. Mr Okiria Charles of Kakira Town Council is demanding to know the circumstances in which his wife Okiria Prossy lost a baby from Jinja Regional Hospital. As acountry we have come along way and this showshow far the empowerment of health users has come.These positive improvements are also attributed to the patients charter.

  5. Thanks for the article. Men pose a great challenge in PMTCT service up take as we are aware that gender inequalities still exist strongly in our society were men take lots decision in the family. when they are brought on board early enough, this will foster service goal. The other issue we need to advocate for is the in balance in gender so that women can be able to take decisions on the health, economy, social/cultural dimension, these will help them to reduce the current risks men pose over them as inferior sex.



    Incedentally, in Maracha district (where I work) the situation is different. Maracha district has 8 lower local governments and the Sub County with the least male involvement is Tara SC at 45%. Actually I want to research in to this as I pursue my MPH.

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